Do’s & Dont’s


  • Plan the vaccination programme in advance and intimate concerned village head / Sarpanch or the farm authority.
  • Preferably deworm the animals 7 to 10 days prior to vaccination to achieve better Sero- conversion / protection.
  • Conduct preliminary enquiries from the farmers regarding the type of animals, their age groups and if any recent vaccinations are carried out. If any other recent vaccinations are done, it is advised to give gap of 15-21 days for FMD vaccination
  • Carry the required number of vaccine vials in the Thermocole box filled with freshly frozen gel/ ice packs.
  • If gel packs are not available, procure ice from a good source and fill the Thermocole box with adequate ice ensuring that stored vaccine vials do not get frozen at any point of time.
  • At any given time open only one vaccine vial from the vaccine carrier unless more than one person is involved in actual vaccination process.
  • The best time to carry out vaccination is early in the morning from 5.30 to 9.30 AM or in the evenings from 4.30 to 6.00 PM. These timings are indicated to avoid excess heat and physical exertion.
  • Assemble all animals at one common place for better coverage of vaccination. If this is not possible, house to house vaccinations is another alternate possibility.
  • Vaccinate only healthy animals
  • Complete vaccination process in as less time as possible
  • Once animals are assembled, open one vaccine vial from the Thermocole box and shake the vial thoroughly
  • Insert one sterile disposable needle (Preferably 18gauze or 16 gauze needle of 1 ½ inch length ) in the vaccine vial
  • With help of a sterile disposable syringe (either 5 or 10 ml) with draw the required dose of the vaccine (i.e 2 ml for cattle, buffaloes, calves and 1ml for sheep and goats) with a gentle shake between withdrawals. Proceed for vaccination.
  • Before vaccination, ensure the site of vaccination on animal body is clean and dry (the site recommended for intra muscular or subcutaneous in cattle, buffaloes, calves, sheep and goats is mid neck region).
  • If needed, the area can be wiped clean with a wet cloth/ tissue napkin and then followed by a dry cloth/ tissue napkin.
  • Carefully and gently introduce a sterile disposable introduce a sterile disposable needle (preferably 16 or 18 gauge needle of 1 ½ inch length) at the mid neck region into the muscles. Ensure the needle is place deep intramuscularly (and in no case in blood vessels).
  • Always use one sterile disposable needle per one animal. Do not reuse the needles.
  • Gently fix the syringe to the needle and push the vaccine ensuring the required dose volume is administered as per the animal species.
  • Take out the syringe and needle after the completion of vaccination. Discard the needle carefully.
  • Gently massage the area/ site of the vaccination for approximately 30 seconds to 1 minute so as to allow proper dispersion of injected vaccine dose.
  • Complete planned vaccinations similarly for all other animals explained as above.
  • Seek the help and advice of Veterinarian in case of queries.
  • Unopened vaccine vials should be returned to the refrigerator at the end of a day’s operations.
  • Complete any other documentation formalities and plan for the next vaccinations.


  • Don’t vaccinate animals, which did not attain proper vaccination age.
  • Don’t vaccinate animals showing temperatures higher than normal.
  • Don’t vaccinate sick animals
  • Don’t Carry out vaccinations during mid afternoon or when temperatures very high to minimize physical exertion and stress.
  • Don’t use unsterile syringes or needles
  • Don’t scare / frighten the animals during restraining and vaccination
  • Don’t skip the Deworming, booster and repeat vaccination schedules
  • Don’t send the animals immediately after vaccination to the owners place or sheds. Observe the vaccinated animals for 30 minutes for any abnormal behavior
  • Don’t store partly used vaccine vials and those should be discarded and document such vials properly
  • Don’t plan next vaccinations unless the previous visit formalities and documentation are completed.

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